Appendix 4: Answers to Reinforcement Quizzes
Answers to Ethics Practice Cases in Section VI
Example Case No. 1 (Objectivity)
What Would You Do?
ï
You are asked to serve on a technical evaluation panel for a new library
computer system.
ï
A closely held company that employs your spouse, from whom you are
currently separated, submits a proposal.
ï
You are the only person in your organization knowledgeable of library
computer systems.
What is your ethical course of action?
It could depend on the position held by the spouse. Option 1: Participate as a
technical representative, but not as a decision-maker. Option 2: Decline, as
participating could be perceived as a conflict of interest and possibly seeking
personal gain. Option 3: Being a member of a panel would nullify your ability to
influence proposal rating, and thus you would not have a conflict of interest.
Example Case No. 2 (Objectivity)
What Would You Do?
ï
A friend of yours owns recreational property adjacent to land considered for
annexation by the government for which you work.
ï
It is uncertain as to whether the annexation will increase or decrease the
value of your friendís property.
ï
You are the boss of the department that provides facts and analysis relative to
your governmentís annexations.
ï
All annexations are debated in numerous public forums, and by the elected
officials of your government.
ï
Can you participate in any way in the governmentís deliberations or decision
regarding the annexation?
What is your ethical course of action?
This is an everyday ethical dilemma. Annexation is your job. Choosing not to
participate means not doing your job. But, participating may subject you to claims
of favoritism. Ultimately, the decision will be a political one made by elected
officials.
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AGA Study Guide 1, 2016 Edition

Appendix 4: Answers to Reinforcement Quizzes
Example Case No. 3 (Independence)
What Would You Do?
ï
You work for the U. S. Department of Justice, Anti-trust Division.
ï
Three law firm partners, with whom you have developed amicable
relationships, invite you to a private golf tournament.
ï
The firm is paying the $500-per-foursome entry fee.
What is your ethical course of action?
It would depend on the nature of the business being done by the law firm. If the
firm represents clients that are subject to, or being subjected to, a Justice antitrust
action, you should decline because playing with them, even if you paid a
fourth of the fee ($125), could be perceived as creating a conflict of interest that
would impair your objectivity. In general, government employees are not
precluded from accepting personal favors from friends.
Example Case No. 4 (Independence)
What Would You Do?
ï
You are employed by the Consumer Products Safety Commission.
ï
You want to buy a microwave.
ï
One manufacturer offers a $50 discount to all members of employee
associations.
What is your ethical course of action?
You can accept the discount, even if agency is conducting studies on safety of
microwave ovens. The discount is a standard offer that is broadly available
through several similar commercial entities to large segments of the public.
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AGA Study Guide 1, 2016 Edition

Appendix 4: Answers to Reinforcement Quizzes
Example Case No. 5 (Conflict of Interest)
What Would You Do?
ï
You are a purchasing agent buying pharmaceuticals.
ï
You meet with manufacturersí representatives in your office during lunch
hours.
ï
Manufacturersí representatives bring sandwiches and soft drinks.
You need to meet with manufacturersí representatives to obtain information
about new products. Your calendar is crowded and informal meetings during
lunch Tuesdays through Thursdays fit in nicely. The market value of lunches is
$5, with an aggregate value for the year of less than $50.
What is your ethical course of action?
In government, accepting even modest lunches on a recurring basis is improper.
It could cause citizens to believe you are improperly influenced by the
manufacturersí representatives. In exercising judgment, consider appearance
and implications.
Example Case No. 6 (Due Care)
What Would You Do?
ï
You are employed by an agency installing a new information system.
ï Your responsibilities require skills that you do not have.
What is your ethical course of action?
Acquire the needed skills and competency. Here are some of the ways:
ï
Training by the group or company installing the system.
ï
Self-study and group instruction provided by agency, or obtained on your own.
ï
Seek help from co-workers or colleagues outside your agency.
Online version, for personal use only
AGA Study Guide 1, 2016 Edition

Appendix 4: Answers to Reinforcement Quizzes
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AGA CGFM Study Guide 1: Governmental Environment